April Birthstone: Diamond
Diamond is the Ultimate gemstone. Having few weaknesses and many strengths. It is well known that Diamond is the hardest substance found in nature but few people realize that Diamond is four times harder than the next hardest natural mineral, corundum ( sapphire and ruby ). But even as hard as it is, it is not impervious. Diamond has four directions of cleavage, meaning that if it receives a sharp blow in one of these directions it will cleave or split. A skilled diamond setter and/ or jeweler will prevent any of these directions from being in a position to be struck while mounted in a jewelry piece.
As a gemstone, Diamond’s single flaw ( perfect cleavage ) is far outdistanced by the sum of its positive qualities. It has a broad color range, high refraction, high dispersion or fire, very low reactivity to chemicals, rarity, and of course, extreme hardness and durability. Diamond is the April Birthstone.